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(Scottish & Irish)
a flat sandy plain with dry and wet short-turf grasslands above impermeable rock.
Did You Know?
Machair is more than a habitat; more than just plants, birds, and sandy soil: it is a blend of low-lying coastline, sand partly consisting of shell fragments, the effects of strong winds combined with just the right amount of rainfall and, most crucially, the involvement of people and their grazing animals. So unusual is the right combination of these features that machair is restricted world-wide to just the north-west of Scotland and the north-west of Ireland. Though machair is found in Orkney, Shetland, Lewis and Harris, many of the Inner Hebrides, and on a few mainland sites, there is no doubt that it is best developed in the Uists, Tiree, and on Barra.
Origin and Etymology of machair
Scottish Gaelic machair & Irish Gaelic machaire
The Machair towards West beach, Isle of Berneray, Outer Hebrides.