[kahr-muh n-yohl; French kar-ma–nyawl]
1. a dance and song popular during the French Revolution.
2. a man’s loose jacket with wide lapels and metal buttons, worn during the French
3. the costume of the French revolutionists, consisting chiefly of this jacket, black
pantaloons, and a red liberty cap.
My OED also mentions the carmagnole as a peasant jacket, and additionally, from the encyclopedia: The farandole is an open-chain community dance popular in the County of Nice, France.
The WritingYA Weblog: TBR3: A Tale of Two Cities – Wheels Within Wheels
Now the robbers wore national guard costumes and sang the carmagnole, so the sentinel took them for patriots and went inside.
“How much the greatest event it is that ever happened in the world,” cried Fox, with the exaggeration of a man ready to dance the carmagnole, “and how much the best!”
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 4, Part 4 “Bulgaria” to “Calgary”
Amongst the personages of a lower class, the most prominent is Toussaint Gilles, landlord of the Cheval Patriote, and son of one of the revolutionary butchers of the Reign of Terror; a furious republican, who wears a _carmagnole_ and a red cap, inherits his father’s hatred of the vile aristocrats, and prides himself on his principles, and on a truculent and immeasurable mustache.
Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine, Volume 61, No. 379, May, 1847
This specimen was from Throgg’s Neck, and danced the carmagnole in concentric circles all by himself, twisting in and out between the waltzers evidently with the feeling that he was the “whole show,” and that the other dancers were merely accessories to the draught he made, and followed in his wake.
A Fantasy of Mediterranean Travel
Mr. Johnson seems to imagine that the usual method of procedure in Judge Lynch’s court is for the mob to trample its victim to death, bray him in a mortar, kerosene him and set him on fire, then dance the carmagnole around his flaming carcass.
The Complete Works of Brann the Iconoclast, Volume 10
1790-1800 –French, after the name of a ceremonial jacket worn by peasants of Dauphiné
and Savoy, named after Carmagnola, town in Piedmont, Italy.