Word Of The Day 4-23-2017

gorget

gor·get \ˈgȯr-jət\
Popularity: Bottom 30% of words

Definition

  1. 1:  a piece of armor protecting the throat

  2. 2a:  an ornamental collarb:  a part of a wimple covering the throat and shouldersc:  a specially colored patch on the throat; especially:  a bright patch of feathers on the throat of a bird and especially a hummingbird


Examples

Hugh leapt on to him, striving to thrust his sword up beneath his gorget and make an end of him.
Red Eve H. Rider Haggard

 

Next came the gorget, as it was called, which was a sort of collar to cover the neck.
Richard III Jacob Abbott

This gorget belongs, in its general character as an ornament, to the North.
Art in Shell of the Ancient Americans William H. Holmes


 Did You Know?

A gorget /ˈɡɔrɨt/, from the French gorge meaning throat, was originally a band of linen wrapped around a woman’s neck and head in the medieval period, or the lower part of a simple chaperon hood. The term subsequently described a steel or leather collar designed to protect the throat, a set of pieces of plate armour, or a single piece of plate armour hanging from the neck and covering the throat and chest. Later, particularly from the 18th century onwards, the gorget became primarily ornamental, serving only as a symbolic accessory on military uniforms, a use which has survived to the modern day in some armies.

The term may also be used of other things such as items of jewellery worn around the throat region in a number of other cultures, for example wide thin gold collars found in Ireland from the Bronze Age.



 Origin

Word Of The Day 2-16-2017

Transpontine

adjective
trans-PAHN-tyne

Definition

1 : situated on the farther side of a bridge

2 : (British) situated on the south side of the Thames

Examples

Traffic on the Tobin Bridge was at a near standstill, and it took us twenty minutes to reach our transpontine destination in Charlestown.

“The moment Waterloo Bridge was planned across the Thames, a new theatre to serve the transpontine coach trade was inevitable.” — Robert Gore-Langton, The Spectator (UK), 15 Nov. 2014.

Did You Know?

Usually the prefix trans-, meaning “across,” allows for a reciprocal perspective. Whether you’re in Europe or America, for example, transoceanic countries are countries across the ocean from where you are. But that’s not the way it originally worked with transpontine. The pont- in transpontine is from the Latin pons, meaning “bridge,” and the bridge in this case was, at first, any bridge that crossed the River Thames in the city of London. “Across the bridge” meant on one side of the river only—the south side. That’s where the theaters that featured popular melodramas were located, and Victorian Londoners used transpontine to distinguish them from their more respectable cispontine (“situated on the nearer side of a bridge”) counterparts north of the Thames.

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